Peace and Development – Looking Back to Move Forward

An Essay Series to mark 10 years of FriEnt

FriEnt celebrated its 10th anniversary in 2011. This was an opportunity for us to reflect on relevant developments over the last ten years in those fields we are active in, identifying achievements as well as old and new challenges. During the anniversary period from April 2011 - November 2011, we have been marking our anniversary in various ways, including through events and publications.

One of the highlights throughout the year was an essay series on Peace and Development in eight parts, which accompanied the FriEnt activities in the anniversary period. We have asked eight colleagues to reflect on challenges and perspectives in selected thematic issues. Besides the progress made and the areas where further work is needed to mainstream peacebuilding in traditional areas of development cooperation – education, health and land management – a focus was set on the international level, as well as transformation and democratisation processes

Part VIII

Democracy, Democratisation and Peace – Lessons from Recent Experience
Dan Smith, International Alert
28th November 2011

The eights and last essay takes a look at democratisation. It is generally acknowledged that democracy is good for peace. This has become an unchallenged truth, often expressed without important nuances. Support for democratisation is widely and rightly regarded as an essential component of building peace and stability but the lack of nuance means there is a persistent risk that the challenges involved in democratisation are ignored or at least under-stated.

Download (pdf, 7 p., 155 KB)

Part VII

Land, conflict and the challenge of pro-poor peacebuilding
Saturnino M. Borras Jr. and Jennifer C. Franco, Transnational Institute
18th October 2011

The seventh and second to last essay deals with the linkages between land, peacebuilidng and development. The authors identify nine interlinked key themes which they deem important to consider for any efforts at pushing for peacebuilding process in the context of resolving resource-oriented conflicts within and between communities.

Download (pdf, 9 p., 175 KB)

Part VI

Peacebuilding at the UN over the last 10 years
Vanessa Wyeth, International Peace Institute (IPI)
25th September 2011

This essay takes a look back on the development of the concept, practice, and institutions of peacebuilding in the United Nations over the last decade, with a focus on policy debates in UN headquarters. Vanessa Wyeth concludes that lasting peace can really only built from within. But it might just not happen without the United Nations.

Download (pdf, 11 p., 366 KB)

Part V

Fixing Obstacles Blocking a Multi-Stakeholder Approach to Peace and Development
Prof. Lisa Schirch, Director of 3P Human Security: Partners for Peacebuilding Policy
19th August 2011

Fostering peace and development in conflict-affected regions requires a citizen oriented state working in partnership with an active civil society. The slow progress toward both peace and sustainable development is due in part toward conflicting and uncoordinated approaches between these diverse stakeholders. Moving toward a comprehensive approach requires first diagnosing the key issues and obstacles to stakeholder coordination. Current obstacles include unbalanced approaches to statebuilding, faulty conceptions of civil society, and fundamental disagreements about the overall mission or goal. This essay by Lisa Schirch describes these obstacles and then outlines how to address these issues.

Download (pdf, 3 p., 110 KB)

Part IV

Education and Peacebuilding: from ‘conflict-analysis’ to ‘conflict transformation’?
Alan Smith, UNESCO Chair, University of Ulster
20th July 2011

This essay provides a brief summary of three ways in which we can think about the role of education in conflict-affected societies. In broad terms they represent areas that have gained greater attention over the past decade in international development discourses, al-though their roots go back to at least the Second World War. Each represents a slightly different perspective arising from a common concern about the way that violent conflict affects the lives of children and their right to education.

Download (pdf, 7 p., 134 KB)

Part III

Linking Peacebuilding and Health in post-conflict settings
Lisa J. Laplante, University of Connecticut
20th June 2011

The third part of the essay series takes a deeper look at the linkages between Health and Peacebuilding. It is now a well-accepted presumption that war causes grave harm to the health of individuals caught in the maelstrom of violence. Thus, public health policy should be a central concern of all post-conflict recovery activities. Lisa Laplante explains, why a new approach to health care for the extraordinary demands of conflict recovery is needed.

Download (pdf, 7 p., 169 KB)

Part II

The EU and Conflict Prevention: a Ten Year Assessment
Dr. Simon Duke, European Institute of Public Administration
25th May 2011

In the second part of the essay series Simon Duke of the European Institute of Public Administration takes a look at the EU’s progress (and step backwards?) over the past 10 years in the field of structural (or long-term) conflict prevention.

Download (pdf, 7 p., 183 KB)

Part I

Challenges for Development-oriented Peace Work: Old and New Ways Forward
Natascha Zupan, Head of the FriEnt-Team
21st April 2011

This first part of the Essay Series to mark the 10th anniversary of FriEnt focuses on one key question: which “building blocks” will define development-oriented peace work in the coming years ?

Download (pdf, 3 p., 146 KB)

FriEnt - 10 Years

FriEnt@10 - Essay Series

Democracy, Democratisation and Peace – Lessons from Recent Experience

Essay by Dan Smith, Secretary General of International Alert  more


Land, conflict and the challenge of pro-poor peacebuilding

Essay by Saturnino M. Borras Jr. and Jennifer C. Franco, Transnational Institute  more


Peacebuilding at the UN over the last 10 years

Essay by Vanessa Wyeth, International Peace Institute (IPI)  more


Fixing Obstacles Blocking a Multi-Stakeholder Approach to Peace and Development

Essay by Prof. Lisa Schirch, Director of 3P Human Security: Partners for Peacebuilding Policy   more


Linking Peacebuilding and Health in post-conflict settings

Essay by Lisa J. Laplante, University of Connecticut   more


The EU and Conflict Prevention: a Ten Year Assessment

Essay by Simon Duke, European Institute of Public Administration   more


Challenges for Development-oriented Peace Work: Old and New Ways Forward

Essay by Natascha Zupan, Head of the FriEnt-Team   more