Education and conflict mitigation
Dana Burde et al. | American Institutes for Research | 2011
In February 2011, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) finalized a newstrategy for its work in education around the world. Of its three key goals, the third goal focuses on“access to education in crisis and conflict environments,” establishing the first explicit reference tothe impact of crises on education, and of education on crises, for USAID initiatives. With this change,USAID underscores the importance of supporting education programs for conflict-affected populations.To administer effective programs that are not detrimental to the populations they aim to serve, it isimportant to gain a deeper understanding of current programs and of the ways education and violentconflict interact. In this paper we seek to answer the following questions: What is the relationshipbetween education and conflict? How might education mitigate conflict? Toward this end, what works andwhat does not in program interventions? We gather practitioner knowledge of the relationship betweeneducation and conflict mitigation to prepare USAID education officers to design, implement, and monitor“education in emergencies” programs and to respond better to partners’ needs in the field.