Socio-economic and Political Justice in Nepal. A Civil Society Perspective
Transitional justice generally refers to the steps taken by the state to address past human rights wrong and includes both judicial and non-judicial approaches. This provides an avenue and opportunity to facilitate the transition for authoritarian, dictatorial regime from civil conflicts to a more democratic or peaceful future. In Nepal, it may mean two aspects – one, justice is meted out to the state and non-state perpetuators and oppressor for their role in killing, disappearances and abduction and violent suppression of people at large during the people’s movement for genuine democracy and overthrow of autocratic royal regime. On the other hand, it also means addressing the genuine aspirations of the people expressed during their struggle which included overthrow of royal regime permanently, and establishment of genuine democracy (loktantra), provision of inclusion of excluded strata of the society and state restructuring for more devolution of power to the so far excluded class, caste, region, language and religion. It is expected that the re-structured society would provide socioeconomic and cultural opportunities for enhancing livelihood and dignified lives for all the exploited, excluded poor people in the country.