The Maoist Army Combatants and the adjacent communities
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit | 2010
The decade–long armed conflict in Nepal has come to an end with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in November 2006. The process of consolidating peace in the country is ongoing. One major aspect in this process, the future of the former Maoist combatants is an intensively-debated issue that is yet to be resolved. Since November 2006 and according to the peace agreement, the Maoist Army Combatants have been accommodated in temporary camps (cantonments). To be able to meet the challenges of fulfilling the urgent basic needs of the Maoist Army Combatants and the surrounding communities, the government of Nepal approached the German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) for support. Rising tensions between former Maoist Army Combatants and local populations due to unmet basic needs could have affected the peace process of the whole country. In order to avoid such a situation, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) assigned GTZ the task of carrying out a joint project with the Nepalese Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction. The project “Support of Measures to Strengthen the Peace Process” is thus considered a joint contribution to stabilise the peace process in Nepal. The joint project has been able to make a significant contribution towards peace, by improving the living conditions of the Maoist Army Combatants and the communities adjoining the cantonments. However, several challenges to the peace process still remain. Joint efforts like this project are essential to consolidate peace in Nepal.