Post-Conflict Peacebuilding and Social Integration in Nepal:
Immediate Priorities and the Three-Year Interim Plan.
The National Planning Commission (NPC) of Nepal is presently preparing a special three-year interim plan which shall pave the road for the transformation from war to peace after ten years of conflict. The present post-conflict situtation in Nepal is characterized by high political dynamics and major challenges for the roadmap ahead, significant security risks, major socio-economic challenges and concerns in the field of justice and reconiliation. Tranformation of the political system towards better and more stable governance and services to the citizens, as well as of the social system towards more inclusion are the main challenges ahead. Due to this, there is an immediate need to deal with issues of social integration with a particular focus on the people most affected by the conflict such as IDP’s, refugees, direct victims of violence, but also ex-combatants. The overall size of these particular social groups can presently only be estimated. From the data so far available , the potential total number of people to care for from the side of government amounts to at least around 250,000 people which deserve targetted assistance catering to different needs. However, the larger challenge is to provide employment for up to 1.5 million people within the time span of the three-year interim plan. As the country has been affected differently by the conflict, the approach to social integration within the interim plan should be targetted according to regional priorities as well as differentiated according to target groups within these regions. It might need to be further concentrated on particular “hot spots” of the conflict. Present data indicate that a special focus on the Mid West, West and Far West regions is advisable, especially with regard to short-term, targetted measures. However, further data analysis is cearly needed.