Italy’s contributions to peacebuilding: One step forward, two steps back

Impulse 04/2018 by Bernardo Monzani and Bernardo Venturi, Agency for Peacebuilding

As violent conflict and instability have grown around the world and in the Mediterranean neighbourhood in particular, Italy has been thrust in a difficult position: affected by those crises in more direct ways than other European countries, it felt unprecedented pressure to actively engage as an international peace-broker. However, without official peacebuilding policies or consolidated capacities, its responses have often been hesitant.

Historically, Italy has been a regular contributor to peacekeeping interventions, for example in the Western Balkans, Afghanistan and, most recently, in Lebanon. Supporting conflict prevention, reconciliation and peacebuilding has not been, however, something that Italy has invested much on. Although this had started to change recently, in particular in the case of Libya, most efforts in this direction have...

“Pathways for peace”: putting prevention of violent conflicts at the center

Impuls 03/2018 by Alexandre Marc, Chief Specialist Fragility, Conflict and Violence at World Bank

The joint World Bank-United Nations report on pathways for peace was launched on March 1, 2018. It is the first joint report prepared by the United Nations and the World Bank. It is estimated that in 2030 between 45 and 60% of the world poor will be living in countries affected by fragility, conflict and violence, and therefore no improvement in the living standard of the poor will be possible without reducing the occurrence of violent conflicts. Since 2010, the number of major violent conflicts has tripled, and fighting in a growing number of lower intensity conflicts has escalated. By 2016, more countries were affected by violence than at any time in nearly 30 years; most of these conflicts are driven by the rapid escalations of domestic instability, including in middle-income countries.

The Pathways for Peace study brings together...

Peacebuilding: New and Ongoing Challenges in a Changing Environment

Impuls by Elizabeth Hume, Alliance for Peacebuilding (AfP)

Global levels of violence are at a 25-year peak, reversing the promising reduction in conflicts recorded in the 1990s, undercutting global stability and development gains, and driving record levels of forced displacement. 2017 proved to be a challenging year for peacebuilding. Real concerns emerged about nuclear conflict, resulting in the Bulletin for Atomic Scientists moving the hands of its symbolic Doomsday Clock thirty seconds closer to midnight. According to the Institute for Economics and Peace, violence continues to cost the world economy $14.3 trillion a year, exacerbating global threats like disease and trafficking, and underpinning the most critical US security challenges, including violent extremism. UN Secretary-General António Guterres summed up the crisis well in his 2018 New Year message, proclaiming we need “a red alert for our world."


Warum Friedensförderung und EZ auf sexualisierte Gewalt gegen Jungen und Männer in Konflikten reagieren müssen

Impuls 12/2017 von Julie Brethfeld, FriEnt

Berichte über sexualisierter Gewalt gegen Frauen und Mädchen in Konfliktkontexten sind inzwischen fast zur traurigen Normalität geworden. Dass Jungen und Männer auch von dieser Art der Gewalt betroffen sind, und das in hohem Maße, wird erst nach und nach deutlich. Das macht einmal mehr bewusst, dass Gendernormen wichtige Gewalt- und Konflikttreiber sein können und ermahnt uns, in unseren Bemühungen der Friedensförderung, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit und Wiederaufbau nicht nur auf die Bedürfnisse einer von sexualisierter Gewalt geprägten Bevölkerung einzugehen, sondern durch gendertransformative Ansätze auch die strukturellen Ursachen von Genderungleichheit und Gewalt zu adressieren.

Sexualisierte Gewalt in Konflikten gegen Jungen und Männer

Die Ausübung sexualisierter Konfliktgewalt gegen Männer und Jungen ist nichts Neues. Dennoch ist das Ausmaß, das in der Äußerung von...

Empowering Youth to Build and Sustain Peace – Status review two years after the adoption of UNSCR 2250

Impuls 11/2017 by Gizem Kilinç, UNOY Peacebuilders and Peter van Sluijs, CSPPS

Several assertions have trapped youth in a dichotomous viewpoint of perpetrator/victim that fails to recognise young people’s potential to be part of the solution. References to youth in relation to peace and security issues are often primarily rooted in seeing them as the problem. The 9 of December 2015 was a crucial turning point in this narrative, when the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2250 on Youth, Peace and Security. Resolution 2250 marks the formal recognition of the positive role of young women and men for the maintenance and promotion of international peace and security. What led to this shift? Why is young people’s participation in peacebuilding important? This article will discuss why youth are key in building...

Climate Change, Conflict and Crisis in Lake Chad

Impuls 10/2017 by Janani Vivekananda and Lukas Rüttinger, adelphi

The Lake Chad Basin is currently suffering the world’s largest humanitarian crisis with approximately 10.7 million people in need of immediate humanitarian assistance. While the current crisis was triggered by violence linked to armed groups such as Boko Haram, the situation has deep roots in longstanding developmental challenges, namely widespread inequality and decades of political marginalisation of the communities in the region. This has instilled an entrenched sense of exclusion and lack of trust between communities and the government. Against this backdrop, the region also faces significant environmental stresses.

Frequent prolonged droughts in the region mean there is less water and arable land to go around. In a predominantly farming and pastoral society, dependent on Lake Chad for survival, less water means not just fewer jobs but also extreme poverty....